Morocco has ratified the major international human rights instruments, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
, the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
. Despite the consideration of international conventions to be self-executing under Moroccan law (unless they contradict the Constitution or implicate public funds), women's access to justice and their right to development remain compromised.
Lawyers do not often make legal arguments based on international human rights treaties, and judges often resist relying on international treaties on the pretext that the law enumerating the sources on which they may base their decisions does not include international law. This is in large part due to the limited curriculum on international conventions and human rights law within the legal educational system in Morocco. Moroccan women's rights activists and NGOs are hampered by their lack of understanding of and training in the use of international human rights standards, mechanisms and advocacy techniques.
IHRLG is developing a training program for activists and lawyers on analyzing existing contradictions between national laws and international human rights conventions, and on strategies for arguing international human rights standards in front of national courts. IHRLG's strategic lawyering and advocacy capacity-building projects will emphasize government compliance with the Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women.